A person-centered perspective on multidimensional perfectionism in Canadian and Chinese university students: A multigroup latent profile analysis

This study investigated the generalizability of the tripartite model of perfectionism across Canadian and Chinese university students. Using latent profile analysis and indicators of perfectionistic strivings, perfectionistic concerns, and neuroticism in both groups, the authors derived a 3-profile solution: adaptive perfectionists, maladaptive perfectionists, and nonperfectionists. Furthermore, multigroup latent profile analysis supported the construct equivalence of the 3-profile solution across groups. Results further suggested that a greater proportion of Chinese students could be classified as adaptive perfectionists.